Lesson Ten – Hip & Knee Joint (Updated)

Good Morning Classmates! Here are the tips Robin gave us to help us study:

1.  The two hip flexors are the Psoas Major and the Iliacus.

2.  The Deep six Rotators are:

  • Piriformis
  • Gemellus Superior
  • Gemellus Inferior
  • Obturator Internus
  • Obturator Externus
  • Quadratus Femoris

These muscles all laterally rotate, have attachments at the Greater Trochanter and are innervated by the sciatic nerve.

3.  The Gluteal Group is:

  • Gluteus Maximus
  • Gluteus Medius
  • Gluteus Minimus

Remember in this group that the Inferior gluteal nerve is in the Gluteus Maximus while the Superior gluteal nerve is in the medius and minimus. Think of the body compass and how the inferior nerve would be BELOW and the superior nerve would be above. The Gluteus Maximus originates below the others.

4. Tensor Fasciae Latae

  • Originates on the Anterior iliac crest and the ASIS.
  • Inserts on the IT band
  • Abducts, flexes and medially rotates the hip
  • Is innervated by the Superior gluteal nerve

5.  Next are the Quadriceps, the strongest muscles in the body. They are:

  • Rectus Femoris
  • Vastus Intermedius
  • Vastus Medialis
  • Vastus Lateralis

The quads all extend the knee, but the Rectus Femoris also flexes the hip and anteriorly tilts the pelvis. They are innervated by the femoral nerve and found on the anterior side of the body. The Sartorius shares the nerve and the location, but it does not extend the knee. The Sartorius flexes the hip, laterally rotates the hip, abducts the hip and medially rotates the knee when the knee is flexed.

If you want to add to what I have here, please feel free to leave it in the comments! Happy studying!


Med Terms 4

These are easy guys!!! Your mind is a perfect computer!

1. Many – Poly-
2. backward, behind -retro-
3. common, same – hom
4. single, one – uni-
5. three – tri
6. many – multi-
7. four – quad-
8. middle, midline – medi-
9. together, along with – syn-
10. next to, beside – para-
11. the other – hetero-
12. half – hemi-

Lift them up

As I sit here this morning, I have a need to share a wonderful message that Joel Olsteen talked about today. He spoke about loyalty and how important it is to basically “have your loved ones’ backs”. It was an interesting message because at first it almost sounded like we deny they have a problem, but the more I listened the more I wanted to share it.

The main message is this, we are not always going to agree with the decisions of our friends or family. We will often see and are upset by mistakes we see them make. However, that does not mean we go out into the world and tell everyone how wrong they are. We don’t need to advertise the fact that someone we know and love is screwing up. Instead we need to focus on the fact that we love them and want to help them. We speak well of them and do our best to guide them in the right direction. Notice I did not say, we deny the existence of the problem. Behind closed doors, we can call them on their mistakes. We can encourage them to make the changes they need to make. However, in public we support them and lift them up.

In light of the day, I’d like to remind everyone to do the same thing for our troops. It doesn’t matter what you believe about any battles we are fighting as a country. The men and women who signed up to serve our country are there sacrificing everything to maintain our freedoms. They lose time with their loved ones. They risk losing their health and sanity….and those are the lucky ones. Many, far too many, lose their lives to protect our rights.

Lift them up. Support them no matter what you believe. Give them your love and respect. If you disagree with the battles we are fighting, speak your mind to the politicians….not our soldiers. They’re doing what they’ve been commanded to do which is always SUPPOSED to be in the best interest of our country. They themselves may not always agree with the mission. That does not mean they can refuse it. Do not make their job harder. Love them! Support them and give them your loyalty. Nothing feels better in this world than to know that someone you’re fighting for “HAS YOUR BACK TOO!!”

Have a great week everyone!!!



Controversy in Special Education

I had a discussion today with a doctor who has a child in the local public schools. She said that last year a “special” child in her child’s class chased her child around with a screw driver. When she went to the school, she was told the school was attempting to implement “full inclusion”, meaning all children with special needs will be in mainstream classrooms.

Now having been a special education teacher for ten years, having served in inclusion, self-contained and pull-out settings, I feel like I have a pretty informed opinion. That is what I would like to share now.

While it is true that inclusion is an ideal setting for MOST children WHEN it is implemented correctly, it is not the IDEAL setting for ALL children. Let me explain, having also been a foster parent, I have come in contact with the “behind the closed doors” stories we would all like to close our eyes to.  I know what has happened to some of our children that causes permanent and irreversible damage. Some of the students I have worked with are currently serving time for murder, child molestation, assault and battery. While I loved these very same children when they were in school, I would not in a million years allow the school to place one of MY children in with one of them. Please know, I am perfectly aware that those same list of criminals come from the mainstream.

However, when children are suffering with major abuse and neglect issues at home, they often act out at school. They often end up on behavior plans that are essentially ineffective if they are not implemented correctly and end up being very dangerous at very young ages. YET, we as a society want to insist they be in with everyone else? Even in prisons, the most dangerous people are segregated.

So, my thoughts here are as follows. Yes, I would like to see as many children mainstreamed as possible. However, ANY child that demonstrates violent tendencies and/or cannot maintain minimally acceptable classroom behaviors should NOT be included. The reason is, it is a violation of the rights of the other students in the room. Every child has a right to feel safe at school….not just violent offenders.

As a dear friend of my says, “I’m just sayin’.”